STATES OF PLAY
BALL IN PLAY
The ball is in play from the moment of the hit of the service authorized by the 1st referee.
BALL OUT OF PLAY
The ball is out of play at the moment of the fault, which is whistled by one of the referees; in the absence of a fault, at the moment of the whistle.
USAV A ball,In the case of an inadvertent whistle, the rally is ended. The 1st referee must make a ruling that will not penalize either team.
The ball is “in” when it touches the floor of the playing court including the boundary lines.
a. The ball is “out” when:
- the part of the ball which contacts the floor is completely outside the boundary lines;
- it touches an object outside the court, the ceiling or a person out of play;
USAV A ball, other than a served ball, shall remain in play if it contacts the ceiling or other overhead objects 4.6 m (15’) or more above the playing area.
If benches, bleachers, low-hanging baskets or other floor obstructions are fewer than 2 m (6’6 3/4”) from the court and interfere with play of the ball, the ball becomes out of play and a playover may be directed at the 1st referee’s discretion.
b. The ball is out of play when:
- Rule 10.1.2 is not in efect, and the ball makes contact with the ceiling or obstruction above the opponent’s playing area.
- Rule 10.1.2 is in effect, and a ball that cannot be legally retrieved from the opponent’s free zone contacts the ceiling or obstruction over the opponent’s playing area.
- The ball contacts the ceiling or obstruction above the team’s playing area and crosses the plane of the net into the opponent’s court.
c. A ball, other than a served ball, is out of play and a playover directed if it contacts overhead object(s) or the supports (e.g., basketball backboard) fewer than 4.6 m (15’) above the
playing area and would have remained playable if the object had not been present.
d. A ball is out of play if it contacts the ceiling or overhead objects, regardless of height, over non-playing areas.
e. A ball is out of play and a playover is directedif the ball comes to rest on an overhead object above the team’s playing area and is still a playable ball.
f. If an official, media equipment or personnel or spectator interferes with a player’s legal attempt to play the ball, a playover shall be directed.
- it touches the antennae, ropes, posts or the net itself outside the side bands;
- it crosses the vertical plane of the net either partially or totally outside the crossing space, except in the case of Rule 10.1.2;
- it crosses completely the lower space under the net.